Much like the previous Ubuntu 13.04, the latest Ubuntu 13.10 “Saucy Salamander” is also an incrementally updated release with no major visible changes. But that is to be exp   ected with Unity slowly maturing as a robust desktop alternative.here are a few things you could do after installing Ubuntu 13.10 Saucy Salamander to make it even more tuned to your needs.




Update Repositories:

After you install brand new Ubuntu 13.10, the first thing you need to do is to update repositories and make sure you have the latest updates installed.

$sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade




Install Ubuntu Restricted Extras:

Install the “ubuntu-restricted-extras” package. This will enable your Ubuntu to play popular file formats like mp3, avi, flash videos etc

$sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras




Enable Additional Drivers:

Ubuntu supports a vast array of hardware right out of the box. But while the free, open-source drivers that make this possible are increasingly capable you may find that performance less that ideal for playing games on Steam or streaming HD video.

If so you may want to install and enable any proprietary drivers listed in the Software & Updates tool.

Open the Software Sources app via the Dash (or through System Settings) then click through to the ’Additional Drivers’ tab and follow the on-screen prompts.

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For Installing  latest Nvidia Optimus Driver follow this link  Installing Nivida in Ubuntu 13.10.




Install Ubuntu Tweak:

Ubuntu Tweak is a must have application for Ubuntu and it’s derivatives. It is an application to config Ubuntu easier for everyone. It provides many useful desktop and system options that the default desktop environment doesn’t provide.

Using Ubuntu Tweak you can install all needed applications with a simple click, you can change the window buttons from Left to right…etc.

Run below commands one by one in terminal:


$sudo add-apt-repository ppa:tualatrix/ppa

$sudo apt-get update

$sudo apt-get install ubuntu-tweak




Disable Online Search Results in Unity Dash:


ubuntu 13.10 privacy:

Online search results in Unity dash, sounds like a good idea on paper, but not in the real world. It unnecessarily makes Dash search slower (at least for me).

To disable it, goto System Settings app and find Privacy category. Disable Record Activity Option in Unity Dash

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privacy on/off switch:

Ubuntu by default will be recording your activity which is later used to refine searches in Unity and such. You can completely disable this feature by accessing Privacy category within System Settings application.

You can optionally disable recording for a pre-defined set of files only like image, text, video etc. instead of completely disabling recording altogether (my preferred way).

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Unwanted Lenses from Unity Dash :

NOTE: If you are new to Ubuntu 13.10, you might not want to do this. Stay with default settings for the time being and find for yourself if Lenses are useful or not.

I have never found video, music or photo lens useful. I know where exactly my files are and I would simply use Nautilus file browser instead. And I have rarely used gwibber and shopping lens, that too mostly for testing purposes.

If you’re like me, you might want to remove them for a faster responding Unity dash.

Copy-paste the following command into Terminal.


$sudo apt-get autoremove unity-lens-music unity-lens-photos unity-lens-gwibber unity-lens-shopping unity-lens-video




Synaptic and Compiz (CCSM) with extra plugins:

Synaptic is a graphical package management program for apt. It provides the same features as the apt-get command line utility with a GUI front-end based on Gtk+. CCSM, short for CompizConfig Settings Manager, is a configuration tool for Compiz Fusion.

It is used to configure the many plugins included in Compiz and Compiz Fusion, as well as the use of various profiles and intergrating better with existing desktop settings.

$sudo apt-get install synaptic

$sudo apt-get install compizconfig-settings-manager compiz-plugins-extra




Install Preload for Faster Application Loading in Ubuntu 13.10:

Preload monitor applications you run, and by analyzing this data, predicts what applications you might run, and fetches those binaries and their dependencies into memory for faster startup times.

Installing Preload can significantly improve your overall Ubuntu Unity performance. To an extent, the kind of slickness you see in distros like elementary OS Luna is because of Preload.

Click Here to install Preload OR do the following in Terminal.


$sudo apt-get install preload




TLP: Improve Battery performance:

TLP is an advanced power management tool for Linux that gives the settings and tweaks to enhance your existing power management automatically without the need to know every technical details.

It is purely a command-line tool and doesn’t have a GUI. It should work on almost all laptops.


$sudo add-apt-repository ppa:linrunner/tlp

$sudo apt-get update

$sudo apt-get install tlp tlp-rdw




Install CPU/Memory Indicator Applet:

CPU usage indicator ubuntu 13.10, useful CPU/Memory load indicator applet that will reside in your top panel.


$sudo add-apt-repository ppa:indicator-multiload/stable-daily

$sudo apt-get update

$sudo apt-get install indicator-multiload




Download and Install Steam for Ubuntu:

Steam for Linux was a dream come true for gaming aficionados. And Valve is not stopping there. They have been actively porting most of their popular gaming titles to Linux (follow our steam for linux category for news and updates).




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After creating account and you can now login in to the steam frame…

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Easy Shutdown lets you Schedule Shutdowns in Ubuntu Effortlessly:

EasyShutdown is an app that lets you schedule shutdowns in Ubuntu, plain and simple. It is well integrated into the Unity launcher with its own quicklist of sorts.

$ wget –c https://launchpad.net/easyshutdown/trunk/0.6/+download/easyshutdown_0.6_all.deb

$ sudo dpkg -i easyshutdown*.deb




Desktop Environments:

Don’t like Unity in Ubuntu 13.10, why don’t you give a try to Cinnamon or Gnome?


Installing Cinnamon:

Cinnamon is a GNOME 3 fork that allow you to have a panel at the bottom with a classic Menu, this is useful for people that want to use Ubuntu with a classic Bottom Menu.

Cinnamon is available in the default repositories of Ubuntu 13.10, therefore you can install it with the following command.

If you want to install the most recent version of cinnamon, then follow the steps below.


$sudo add-apt-repository ppa:gwendal-lebihan-dev/cinnamon-stable

$sudo apt-get update

$sudo apt-get install cinnamon

Logout from the current session and select Cinnamon as your desktop session at the user login prompt.

Now you’ll able to get the Cinnamon Desktop Environment.




Install GNOME 3 in Ubuntu 13.10:

To install GNOME 3 in Ubuntu 13.10, enter the following command:


$sudo apt-get install gnome-shell ubuntu-gnome-desktop


During installation, the installer will ask you to select the login manager of your choice (LightDM is the default Unity manager and GDM is the GNOME default — Both will work).





Accounts Configuration:



Configure UbuntuOne Account:

UbuntuOne enables users to store files online and sync them between computers and mobile devices, as well as stream audio and music from cloud to mobile devices.

If you have already an account, you will need top sing in, setup a folder in your computer and start synchronizing your data, contacts, photos …etc.




Online Accounts:

Manage your Online Accounts Ubuntu 13.10 comes with a very powerful tool to manage your online accounts.

You don’t have to manually enter usernames and passwords for each and every app. You can even restrict a specific app (say Empathy IM for example) from using a particular online account of yours.

Just search for Online Accounts in Unity Dash (OR System Settings – Online Accounts)








System Monitoring & Eye Candy Tools:



Install Conky for Ubuntu 13.10:

Conky is a free, light-weight system monitor for X, that displays any information on your desktop.

There are many nice themes available for conky that can display clock, CPU usage, RAM usage, swap, disk, net and more.


$sudo apt-add-repository -y ppa:teejee2008/ppa

$sudo apt-get update

$sudo apt-get install conky-manager



Install Cario-Dock:

Cairo-Dock, a fast and customizable desktop interface which can be used as alternative or addition to Unity, Gnome-Shell, Xfce-panel, and KDE-panel, is now at version 3.3.1.

Cairo-Dock sits in the centre of your desktop, allowing you to monitor and control your favourite apps: music players, chat messengers, twitter, torrents downloaders, RSS feeds, calendar/tasks, weather, mail checkers, etc, and a powerful taskbar.

Cairo Dock includes many plugins/applets such as: weather, clock, Messaging Menu, system monitor, keyboard indicators, custom icons, notification area, clipboard manager, and many other plugins.


$sudo add-apt-repository ppa:cairo-dock-team/ppa

$sudo apt-get update

$sudo apt-get install cairo-dock cairo-dock-plug-ins




Firewall for Ubuntu:

Linux don’t need Anti-virus but Firewall is important for any kind of Operating System. UFW is installed by default in Ubuntu but it is command line and disabled by default.

You can install best firewall GUFW enable and manage it graphically.


$sudo apt-get install gufw




Install Adobe Flash Plugin:

Flash player isn’t available by default , So you can install flash player easily from Ubuntu repositories.


$sudo apt-get install flashplugin-installer



Install Youtube Downloader:

$sudo add-apt-repository ppa:nilarimogard/webupd8

$sudo apt-get update $sudo apt-get install youtube-dl

$youtube-dl -U



VLC Media Player:

VLC is the best media player for Linux it play almost everything, it has many features that you can not find in any other media player.

You can install VLC from Ubuntu Software Center or via terminal by using the following command:


$sudo apt-get install vlc

Or install the most recent version 2.1.1 using the following PPA.

$sudo add-apt-repository ppa:videolan/stable-daily

$sudo apt-get update

$sudo apt-get install vlc.




Install Openshot video editor:

My favorite Video editor is Openshot, the best existing actually for Linux.

You can install Openshot from Ubuntu Software Center, but if you want to install the latest release, you can do that by adding the following repositories:

Note: PPA is not yet working in 13.10 at the time of writing this article. Hope it will be updated soon.


$sudo add-apt-repository ppa:openshot.developers/ppa

$sudo apt-get update

$sudo apt-get install openshot openshot-doc.




Installing Amarok:

Amarok: According to the developers of Amarok, users can now add the Tracks from the Recently Played List widget directly to the application, the Jamendo service now uses a higher quality MP3 format instead of Ogg Vorbis, the player now depends on Qt 4.8.3, and much more.


$sudo add-apt-repository ppa:kubuntu-ppa/backports

$sudo apt-get update

$sudo apt-get install amarok




Installing XBMC:

XBMC: XBMC is an award-winning free and open source (GPL) software media player and entertainment hub for digital media. XBMC is available for Linux, OS X, Windows, and the original Xbox.

While XBMC functions very well as a standard media player application for your computer, it has been designed to be the perfect companion for your HTPC.

Supporting an almost endless range of remote controls, and combined with its beautiful interface and powerful skinning engine, XBMC feels very natural to use from the couch and is the ideal solution for your home theater.

For installing XBMC follow this link Installing XBMC in ubuntu.




Install Common Codecs And Enable DVD playback:

Perhaps installing a few common codecs might give you better sensibility of your system:


$sudo apt-get install gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg libxine1-ffmpeg gxine mencoder libdvdread4 totem-mozilla icedax tagtool easytag id3tool lame nautilus-script-audio-convert libmad0 mpg321 gstreamer1.0-libav

To play encrypted DVDs, the libdvdcss2 package is essential. libdvdcss is a simple library designed for accessing DVDs like a block device without having to bother about the decryption.

$sudo /usr/share/doc/libdvdread4/./install-css.sh




Installing Messanger:

Pidgin,The best messenger client and 30 plugins, you can do voice and video chat with friends.

To install Pidgin, enter the following command:


$ sudo apt-get install pidgin




Gaming & Emulators Gaming made easy with Playdeb:

If you are a grate fan of gaming so is important to add PlayDeb repositories to your Lucid Lynx.

PlayDeb is a gaming repository for Ubuntu aimed to provide titles already available on getdeb.net in an easier to install and update format.

You can install many games by a simple click. Click to install PlayDeb repositories Wine Wine enables Linux, Mac, FreeBSD, and Solaris users to run Windows applications without a copy of Microsoft Windows.

Wine is free software under constant development. Other platforms may benefit as well.


$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-wine/ppa $ sudo apt-get update

$ sudo apt-get install wine1.7

$ sudo apt-get install winetricks




Installing FileZilla:

Filezilla is one of the best ftp client for Linux. Install it via command line:


$ sudo add-apt-repository muench/programs-ppa

$ sudo apt-get update

$ sudo apt-get install filezilla




Installing Cheese:

Web Cam Software Cheese uses your webcam to take photos and videos, applies fancy special effects and lets you share the fun with others.

To install cheese on your Ubuntu desktop, enter the following command:

$sudo apt-get install cheese




Installing digikam:

digiKam is an advanced digital photo management application for Linux, Windows, and Mac-OSX. It can be used by Photographers to view, manage, edit, enhance, organize, tag, and share photographs under Linux systems.

You can easily install it using command:

$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:kubuntu-ppa/backports

$ sudo apt-get update

$ sudo apt-get install digikam




Installing Gimp:

Regardless of whether you need to edit images daily on a professional level or just a hobbyist, GIMP is an essential tool for all.

$sudo add-apt-repository ppa:otto-kesselgulasch/gimp

$sudo apt-get update

$sudo apt-get install gimp gimp-data gimp-plugin-registry gimp-data-extras




Installing Wallch:

Wallch is an application that can be used to change your Ubuntu (Ubuntu derivatives) desktop wallpapers automatically at a particular period of time. It supports Gnome and Unity. It also let you to stop/start wallch, change to next/previous wallpaper.

You can adjust/change the wallpaper changing interval. Wallch supports live Earth wallpapers which updates automatically every half an hour, therefore you can set the live Earth wallpapers as your desktop background.

$sudo add-apt-repository ppa:wallch/version-3-ppa

$sudo apt-get update

$sudo apt-get install wallch




Instaling Super Boot UP Manager(BUM):

Super Boot-Up Manager is a Perl-Gtk2 application to manage runlevels configuration of any Ubuntu/Debian derivative systems. Using this program we can easily start and stop boot-up scripts, without the necessity to handle through complex symbolic links and permissions.

$sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ingalex/super-boot-manage

$sudo apt-get update

$sudo apt-get install super-boot-manager




Plugins for Rhythmbox (Like Equalizer):

Rhythmbox is default Audio player in Ubuntu 13.10, You can install plugins for rhytmbox. Plugins are: Audio-read, Album-art-search, Countdown-playlist, plugin-cover-art-browser, Equalizer, Jump-to-Playing, Jump-to-Window, lyrics, micro-blogger, open-containing-foler, radio-browser, Random-album-player, Remember-the-rhythm, repeat-one-song, rhythm-web, send-first, small-window, stop-after, suspend, tab-guitar, tray-icon, web-menu, stream-ripper Enter following commands to install plugins.

$sudo add-apt-repository ppa:fossfreedom/rhythmbox-plugins

$sudo apt-get update

$sudo apt-get install rhythmbox-plugin-complete

After installation open Rhythmbox and Go to “Edit” -> “Plugins” and enable plugin




Compression/Decompression tools:

You can compress and decompress 7z, zip, gzip, rar, xz, tar, bz2, xar, tar.gz, tar.bz, and many others. Enter following command in terminal to install:

$sudo apt-get install p7zip-rar p7zip-full unace unrar zip unzip sharutils rar uudeview mpack arj cabextract file-roller